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Do I Need New Tyres?

What Are the Basics?

When it comes to tyre performance, there is no way to tell exactly how long a tyre lasts. The lifespan and mileage of a tyre depends on a combination of factors: its design, the driver’s habits, the climate, the road conditions and the care that's put into the tyres.

A few milestones and tips include:

1- Keep five years in mind

After five years or more of use, your tyres should be thoroughly inspected at least once per year by a professional.

2- Ten years is a maximum

If the tyres haven't been replaced 10 years after their date of manufacture, as a precaution, MICHELIN recommends replacing them with new tyres. Even if they appear to be in a usable condition and have not been worn down to the tread wear indicator. This applies to spare tyres as well.

3- Proper care expands a tyre’s lifespan

If you take good care of your tyres' air pressure, tread wear, alignment and balance, you can increase their longevity and overall tyre performance.

Check our Scheduled care tips

**For original equipment: follow the vehicle manufacturer’s tyre replacement recommendations that can be found along the inside of the driver's door.

How to check the manufacturing date

Look for the DOT number on your sidewall.

What Damages Tyres?

Physical factors:

  • Age
  • Wear and damage

Road conditions:

  • Potholes, obstacles,curbs ,sharp objects, speed bumps

Climate:

  • Extreme temperatures
  • Rain, snow and ice
  • Oil, grease and other chemicals
  • Strong sunlight and ozone

Driving habits:

  • Speeding
  • Quick starts and emergency braking
  • Driving on damaged roads
  • Failure to notice a change in handling, noise or vibration
  • Failure to consult a professional when something changes

Neglecting basic tyre maintenance:

  • Air pressure
  • Not routinely checking for wear or damage
  • Alignment and rotation
  • Not going to a professional to remove or fit tyres in case of damage or after an impact
  • Not balancing tyres after they are installed
  • Improper tyre storage
  • Use of sealants that have not been approved

Improper usage:

  • Mixing tyre types
  • Using tyres on damaged, distorted or modified wheels
  • Using wheel and rim sizes that are not compatible
  • Fitting tyres that do not have a speed capability and load index at least equal to or higher than those originally specified by the vehicle manufacturer
  • Reinflating a tyre that has been run flat or seriously under inflated
  • Using a spare tyre of a different size at speeds in excess of 80 kmph

Do I Need to Change Now?

We recommend that you replace your tyre if:

  • The tread is worn beyond the recommended tread depth levels,
  • The sidewall is damaged,
  • Any hole in the tread is greater than 6 mm in diameter,
  • The bead is damaged or deformed (the bead is the edge of the tyre that sits on the wheel).

1- Inspect your tyre regularly and look for:

  • Uneven tread wear,
  • Shallow tread,
  • Troublemakers (rocks, nails, etc.),
  • Damaged areas,
  • Damaged valve caps.

2- Pay attention to the “feel" of your tyres as you drive.

  • A rough ride may indicate tyre damage or excessive wear.
  • If you notice vibrations or other disturbances while driving, immediately reduce speed, drive with caution until you can safely pull off the road and stop, and inspect your tyres.
  • If a tyre is damaged, deflate it and replace it with your spare. If you do not see any tyre damage and cannot identify the source of the vibration, take the vehicle to a tyre dealer for a thorough inspection.

3- See a professional

  • If you notice something that you’re not sure about during your inspection, have it examined by your tyre dealer.

To identify a specific problem

How Do I Inspect My Tyres?

1- Check your air pressure

Checking your air pressure is not only quick and easy, but it can also prevent many problems. Ensure that you do this once a month for safe driving and optimal tyre performance.

See Air pressure: what should I know?

2- Check the tread wear with one of the two methods:

Check your tread wear to ensure increased tyre performance and safe driving.

  • With a tread-depth gauge,
  • With the tread-wear indicators.

See How to check if you have enough tread left

3- Inspect your tyres for wear and damage problems

We've created an easy-to-use online tool that will help you identify issues and learn how to fix them.

See Worn out or damaged?

When Should I Inspect My Tyres?

A quick tyre inspection every month will ensure that you are kept safe on the road. Make a habit of checking your tyres before you leave on a long road trip.

Next Steps:

Follow these steps to ensure safe driving:

  • Any visible perforation, cut or deformation must be checked thoroughly by a tyre professional.
  • Only a tyre professional can tell you if your tyre can be repaired or has to be changed.

Spare Tyre: can I use it on a day-to-day basis?

The simple answer is no.
Temporary spares have a lighter construction to limit their weight on your vehicle so that they don’t have the same speed or mileage capabilities. This could affect your vehicle’s stability and safe driving while on a long journey. The only exception is if your spare tyre is actually a fifth full-size tyre that exactly matches the tyres that are currently on your vehicle.

 

What Are the Basics?

When it comes to tyre performance, there is no way to tell exactly how long a tyre lasts. The lifespan and mileage of a tyre depends on a combination of factors: its design, the driver’s habits, the climate, the road conditions and the care that's put into the tyres.

A few milestones and tips include:

1- Keep five years in mind

After five years or more of use, your tyres should be thoroughly inspected at least once per year by a professional.

2- Ten years is a maximum

If the tyres haven't been replaced 10 years after their date of manufacture, as a precaution, MICHELIN recommends replacing them with new tyres. Even if they appear to be in a usable condition and have not been worn down to the tread wear indicator. This applies to spare tyres as well.

3- Proper care expands a tyre’s lifespan

If you take good care of your tyres' air pressure, tread wear, alignment and balance, you can increase their longevity and overall tyre performance.

Check our Scheduled care tips

**For original equipment: follow the vehicle manufacturer’s tyre replacement recommendations that can be found along the inside of the driver's door.

How to check the manufacturing date

Look for the DOT number on your sidewall.

What Damages Tyres?

Physical factors:

  • Age
  • Wear and damage

Road conditions:

  • Potholes, obstacles,curbs ,sharp objects, speed bumps

Climate:

  • Extreme temperatures
  • Rain, snow and ice
  • Oil, grease and other chemicals
  • Strong sunlight and ozone

Driving habits:

  • Speeding
  • Quick starts and emergency braking
  • Driving on damaged roads
  • Failure to notice a change in handling, noise or vibration
  • Failure to consult a professional when something changes

Neglecting basic tyre maintenance:

  • Air pressure
  • Not routinely checking for wear or damage
  • Alignment and rotation
  • Not going to a professional to remove or fit tyres in case of damage or after an impact
  • Not balancing tyres after they are installed
  • Improper tyre storage
  • Use of sealants that have not been approved

Improper usage:

  • Mixing tyre types
  • Using tyres on damaged, distorted or modified wheels
  • Using wheel and rim sizes that are not compatible
  • Fitting tyres that do not have a speed capability and load index at least equal to or higher than those originally specified by the vehicle manufacturer
  • Reinflating a tyre that has been run flat or seriously under inflated
  • Using a spare tyre of a different size at speeds in excess of 80 kmph

Do I Need to Change Now?

We recommend that you replace your tyre if:

  • The tread is worn beyond the recommended tread depth levels,
  • The sidewall is damaged,
  • Any hole in the tread is greater than 6 mm in diameter,
  • The bead is damaged or deformed (the bead is the edge of the tyre that sits on the wheel).

1- Inspect your tyre regularly and look for:

  • Uneven tread wear,
  • Shallow tread,
  • Troublemakers (rocks, nails, etc.),
  • Damaged areas,
  • Damaged valve caps.

2- Pay attention to the “feel" of your tyres as you drive.

  • A rough ride may indicate tyre damage or excessive wear.
  • If you notice vibrations or other disturbances while driving, immediately reduce speed, drive with caution until you can safely pull off the road and stop, and inspect your tyres.
  • If a tyre is damaged, deflate it and replace it with your spare. If you do not see any tyre damage and cannot identify the source of the vibration, take the vehicle to a tyre dealer for a thorough inspection.

3- See a professional

  • If you notice something that you’re not sure about during your inspection, have it examined by your tyre dealer.

To identify a specific problem

How Do I Inspect My Tyres?

1- Check your air pressure

Checking your air pressure is not only quick and easy, but it can also prevent many problems. Ensure that you do this once a month for safe driving and optimal tyre performance.

See Air pressure: what should I know?

2- Check the tread wear with one of the two methods:

Check your tread wear to ensure increased tyre performance and safe driving.

  • With a tread-depth gauge,
  • With the tread-wear indicators.

See How to check if you have enough tread left

3- Inspect your tyres for wear and damage problems

We've created an easy-to-use online tool that will help you identify issues and learn how to fix them.

See Worn out or damaged?

When Should I Inspect My Tyres?

A quick tyre inspection every month will ensure that you are kept safe on the road. Make a habit of checking your tyres before you leave on a long road trip.

Next Steps:

Follow these steps to ensure safe driving:

  • Any visible perforation, cut or deformation must be checked thoroughly by a tyre professional.
  • Only a tyre professional can tell you if your tyre can be repaired or has to be changed.

Spare Tyre: can I use it on a day-to-day basis?

The simple answer is no.
Temporary spares have a lighter construction to limit their weight on your vehicle so that they don’t have the same speed or mileage capabilities. This could affect your vehicle’s stability and safe driving while on a long journey. The only exception is if your spare tyre is actually a fifth full-size tyre that exactly matches the tyres that are currently on your vehicle.

 

Can I use a high performance tyre if my vehicle doesn’t require one?

You can use a high performance tyre if your vehicle meets the following requirements:

  • If you prefer a sportier look or feel to your drive, you may choose to upgrade your tyres to “high-performance” tyres with a higher speed rating.
  • High performance tyres will give you higher speed capability, improved handling control and maximise dry road grip to feel each curve.
  • But to get that extra grip, you may give up some tread life..

Fuel Consumption: How Does Upgrading Impact It?

High-performance tyres with higher speed ratings are designed to provide more grip. By definition, that means a comparatively lower fuel efficiency than for standard tyres since more grip often means more rolling resistance and more effort needed from the engine to move the car forwards. However, thanks to our MICHELIN Total Performance philosophy, we strive to deliver both great handling and fuel efficiency in our high-performance tyres.

I Want A Bigger Tyre Size: What Do I Need to Know?

What Is It?

Some performance-minded drivers upgrade their original equipment wheels with wider, bigger wheels. It’s called tyre upgrading or plus-sizing.

Why Do It?

Looking for reasons to plus size your tyres? For some, the appeal goes beyond tyre performance to that of aesthetic appeal.

  • It offers better handling when done properly,
  • It can make the vehicle look sportier.

Two ways of doing it:
1- Plus 1, 2, etc.

The most popular form of plus sizing is increasing your vehicle's wheel diameter and your tyre's rim diameter. An example is changing from a 14" wheel to a 15" wheel. This is called "plus 1." (Going from 14" to 16" is plus 2, etc.). To make plus-sizing work, the tyre's aspect ratio decreases while the wheel diameter increases. (Note: The overall diameter of the tyre never changes, just the wheel diameter.)

2- Plus Zero

If you want to leave your wheel diameter the same, you can still change to a wider tyre. (note: You may need a wider wheel as well.) An example is going form a195/75R14 tyre to 215/65R14 tyre. What this means is that your tyre width will be wider (195 millimetres to 215), your aspect ratio will be smaller (75 to 65) but the wheel diameter stays the same (14). Why do this? A wider contact patch on the road can mean better grip and handling.

What is Staggering?

A staggered fitment is when car owners put larger wheels on the back of your vehicle than in the front of your vehicle. This specification comes from the vehicle’s manufacturer, and is designed to improve performance on vehicles with rear-wheel drive. Not only does this assist with vehicle performance but it also ensures safe driving.

Very important Plus-Sizing Legal notice:

MICHELIN recommends checking with the vehicle manufacturer to identify any restrictions to an alternate tyre size. Changes in the tyre/wheel diameter can affect vehicle systems such as gearing, traction and stability control systems, braking and speedometer reading. Some manufacturers have already tested and approved multiple wheel diameters, so be sure to ask your authorised MICHELIN tyre dealer on any sizing needs.

Can I use a high performance tyre if my vehicle doesn’t require one?

You can use a high performance tyre if your vehicle meets the following requirements:

  • If you prefer a sportier look or feel to your drive, you may choose to upgrade your tyres to “high-performance” tyres with a higher speed rating.
  • High performance tyres will give you higher speed capability, improved handling control and maximise dry road grip to feel each curve.
  • But to get that extra grip, you may give up some tread life..

Fuel Consumption: How Does Upgrading Impact It?

High-performance tyres with higher speed ratings are designed to provide more grip. By definition, that means a comparatively lower fuel efficiency than for standard tyres since more grip often means more rolling resistance and more effort needed from the engine to move the car forwards. However, thanks to our MICHELIN Total Performance philosophy, we strive to deliver both great handling and fuel efficiency in our high-performance tyres.

I Want A Bigger Tyre Size: What Do I Need to Know?

What Is It?

Some performance-minded drivers upgrade their original equipment wheels with wider, bigger wheels. It’s called tyre upgrading or plus-sizing.

Why Do It?

Looking for reasons to plus size your tyres? For some, the appeal goes beyond tyre performance to that of aesthetic appeal.

  • It offers better handling when done properly,
  • It can make the vehicle look sportier.

Two ways of doing it:
1- Plus 1, 2, etc.

The most popular form of plus sizing is increasing your vehicle's wheel diameter and your tyre's rim diameter. An example is changing from a 14" wheel to a 15" wheel. This is called "plus 1." (Going from 14" to 16" is plus 2, etc.). To make plus-sizing work, the tyre's aspect ratio decreases while the wheel diameter increases. (Note: The overall diameter of the tyre never changes, just the wheel diameter.)

2- Plus Zero

If you want to leave your wheel diameter the same, you can still change to a wider tyre. (note: You may need a wider wheel as well.) An example is going form a195/75R14 tyre to 215/65R14 tyre. What this means is that your tyre width will be wider (195 millimetres to 215), your aspect ratio will be smaller (75 to 65) but the wheel diameter stays the same (14). Why do this? A wider contact patch on the road can mean better grip and handling.

What is Staggering?

A staggered fitment is when car owners put larger wheels on the back of your vehicle than in the front of your vehicle. This specification comes from the vehicle’s manufacturer, and is designed to improve performance on vehicles with rear-wheel drive. Not only does this assist with vehicle performance but it also ensures safe driving.

Very important Plus-Sizing Legal notice:

MICHELIN recommends checking with the vehicle manufacturer to identify any restrictions to an alternate tyre size. Changes in the tyre/wheel diameter can affect vehicle systems such as gearing, traction and stability control systems, braking and speedometer reading. Some manufacturers have already tested and approved multiple wheel diameters, so be sure to ask your authorised MICHELIN tyre dealer on any sizing needs.

What Are Run-flats and Who Can Use Them?

What are "run flat" tyres?

Run flat tyres have specific technology to allow you to drive for a limited distance at a reduced speed after a puncture or a drop in tyre pressure.
MICHELIN Zero Pressure (ZP) tyres provide run-flat technology that allows you to drive up to 50 miles at 50 mph with a flat tyre.

Can I mount run flat tyres on any vehicle?

No, only vehicles that are originally equipped with run flat tyres should mount them – these vehicles have some suspension and chassis modifications that are specifically designed for run flat tyres.

Can I mix run flat tyres with normal tyres?

Car owners who wish to mix run flat tyres with normal tyres are required to think about overall tyre performance and safety hazards.

  • Never mix run flat tyres with tyres that do not have run flat technology (conventional tyres) – unless in an emergency situation on a limited, temporary basis. The conventional tyre should be replaced with a run flat tyre as soon as possible.
  • It is also not recommended to mix different run flat technologies/products together.

My run flat tyre has been punctured. How long can I drive on it?

Run flat tyres only allow you to drive for a limited distance and reduced speed after a puncture or other event has resulted in either a drop in tyre inflation pressure or a complete loss of inflation pressure. MICHELIN Zero Pressure (ZP) tyres provide run-flat technology that allows you to drive up to 50 miles at 50 mph with a flat tyre.

My tyre is low: what should I do?

A tyre that is low (or under inflated) doesn’t have sufficient air pressure to meet the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended bar (pressure unit). Under inflated tyres lead to flats and tyre blow outs. Ensure optimal tyre performance by regularly checking your air pressure.

Solution:

Add air to your tyre until it reaches the proper air pressure (in bar, as measured by an air pressure gauge). To find the air pressure recommended for your tyre, consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or find your recommended bar on the sticker on the inside of your door. Checking your tyres' air pressure will not only ensure tyre performance, it will also ensure safe driving.

See where

Some Advice:

Never use tyres that have been driven with very low pressure unless they have been thoroughly examined internally and externally by a tyre professional.

Why?

Internal damage is not visible while the tyre is mounted; only a professional can tell whether the tyre can be safely used again. For safe and reliable tyres, ensure that you have them checked out if you have any suspicions about tyre performance.

I need to replace my tyre. Any advice?

General Advice

If you're looking to have your tyres replaced, take at look at the following tips:

  • MICHELIN recommends replacing all four tyres at the same time for maximum safety, to maintain even wear and traction on all four tyres.
  • Take time to research. You can re-buy your original equipment or a different set of tyres. They need to fit your vehicle, your climate, driving environment and your driving style.
    See How to choose a tyre
  • See a professional to mount and align your new tyres.

Replacing Only Two Tyres

If you only need to replace two tyres, it is important that you choose tyres that compliment the tyre performance of the two existing tyres.

  • Your new tyres need to be the same size and tyre type as your current tyres.
  • Your new tyres need to be installed on the rear axle of your vehicle.
  • If you buy any variation from the original equipment tyre size or speed rating, consult your tyre dealer and the Fitting Guide for recommendations.
  • If you replace less than four tyres, the rotation of the tyres might be affected.

Can I mix different speed rated tyres on my car?

If tyres of different speed ratings are mounted on a vehicle, the lower speed-rated tyres should be placed on the front axle. This is to prevent a potential oversteer condition. Vehicle handling may be affected, and the vehicle's speed capacity is now limited to the lowest speed-rated tyre. For optimal vehicle and tyre performance, contact a tyre professional for advice on your exact vehicle model.

What guidelines should I follow when mixing tyres on 4WD vehicles?

If no instructions for tyre mixing appear in the vehicle owner's manual, adhere to the following guidelines for safe driving and optimal tyre performance:

  • Do not mix sizes. All four tyres must be branded with the same tyre size.
  • Do not mix radial and non-radial tyres. All four tyres must be either radial or non-radial.
  • Be sure that the outside circumference of all four tyres is within one (1) inch of each other.

What Are Run-flats and Who Can Use Them?

What are "run flat" tyres?

Run flat tyres have specific technology to allow you to drive for a limited distance at a reduced speed after a puncture or a drop in tyre pressure.
MICHELIN Zero Pressure (ZP) tyres provide run-flat technology that allows you to drive up to 50 miles at 50 mph with a flat tyre.

Can I mount run flat tyres on any vehicle?

No, only vehicles that are originally equipped with run flat tyres should mount them – these vehicles have some suspension and chassis modifications that are specifically designed for run flat tyres.

Can I mix run flat tyres with normal tyres?

Car owners who wish to mix run flat tyres with normal tyres are required to think about overall tyre performance and safety hazards.

  • Never mix run flat tyres with tyres that do not have run flat technology (conventional tyres) – unless in an emergency situation on a limited, temporary basis. The conventional tyre should be replaced with a run flat tyre as soon as possible.
  • It is also not recommended to mix different run flat technologies/products together.

My run flat tyre has been punctured. How long can I drive on it?

Run flat tyres only allow you to drive for a limited distance and reduced speed after a puncture or other event has resulted in either a drop in tyre inflation pressure or a complete loss of inflation pressure. MICHELIN Zero Pressure (ZP) tyres provide run-flat technology that allows you to drive up to 50 miles at 50 mph with a flat tyre.

My tyre is low: what should I do?

A tyre that is low (or under inflated) doesn’t have sufficient air pressure to meet the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended bar (pressure unit). Under inflated tyres lead to flats and tyre blow outs. Ensure optimal tyre performance by regularly checking your air pressure.

Solution:

Add air to your tyre until it reaches the proper air pressure (in bar, as measured by an air pressure gauge). To find the air pressure recommended for your tyre, consult your vehicle’s owner’s manual or find your recommended bar on the sticker on the inside of your door. Checking your tyres' air pressure will not only ensure tyre performance, it will also ensure safe driving.

See where

Some Advice:

Never use tyres that have been driven with very low pressure unless they have been thoroughly examined internally and externally by a tyre professional.

Why?

Internal damage is not visible while the tyre is mounted; only a professional can tell whether the tyre can be safely used again. For safe and reliable tyres, ensure that you have them checked out if you have any suspicions about tyre performance.

I need to replace my tyre. Any advice?

General Advice

If you're looking to have your tyres replaced, take at look at the following tips:

  • MICHELIN recommends replacing all four tyres at the same time for maximum safety, to maintain even wear and traction on all four tyres.
  • Take time to research. You can re-buy your original equipment or a different set of tyres. They need to fit your vehicle, your climate, driving environment and your driving style.
    See How to choose a tyre
  • See a professional to mount and align your new tyres.

Replacing Only Two Tyres

If you only need to replace two tyres, it is important that you choose tyres that compliment the tyre performance of the two existing tyres.

  • Your new tyres need to be the same size and tyre type as your current tyres.
  • Your new tyres need to be installed on the rear axle of your vehicle.
  • If you buy any variation from the original equipment tyre size or speed rating, consult your tyre dealer and the Fitting Guide for recommendations.
  • If you replace less than four tyres, the rotation of the tyres might be affected.

Can I mix different speed rated tyres on my car?

If tyres of different speed ratings are mounted on a vehicle, the lower speed-rated tyres should be placed on the front axle. This is to prevent a potential oversteer condition. Vehicle handling may be affected, and the vehicle's speed capacity is now limited to the lowest speed-rated tyre. For optimal vehicle and tyre performance, contact a tyre professional for advice on your exact vehicle model.

What guidelines should I follow when mixing tyres on 4WD vehicles?

If no instructions for tyre mixing appear in the vehicle owner's manual, adhere to the following guidelines for safe driving and optimal tyre performance:

  • Do not mix sizes. All four tyres must be branded with the same tyre size.
  • Do not mix radial and non-radial tyres. All four tyres must be either radial or non-radial.
  • Be sure that the outside circumference of all four tyres is within one (1) inch of each other.